Compliance is becoming more complex every year with new and updated laws, regulations, and security standards such as GDPR, HIPAA, PCI DSS, ISO 27001, NIST, and more. Managing the risk factors of compliance is a challenge, especially making sure employees adhere to the required standards. Organizations have laws determined by geographical area as well as regulations set by the industry. For example medical services need to protect personally identifiable information (PII) and protected health information (PHI) and comply with HIPAA and GDPR depending on the location. Companies which must be PCI compliant to access credit card information need visibility of who accesses credit card data. Failing to comply with these regulation carries both financial and reputational risk
In addition, as compliance audits have a retrospective approach looking at previous incidents, many organizations want to shift to a proactive approach to ensure compliance ahead of the audit.
GDPR also includes a right to privacy for the employees, making it challenging for some security solutions to properly detect and mitigate threats as they only see part of the bigger picture.